NFTs for Dummies

Imagine securing a one-of-a-kind digital masterpiece online at an affordable cost, complete with a distinct digital token that confirms your ownership of the purchased artwork. Sounds incredible, right? Well, the world of NFTs is making this a reality.

NFTs have created a whirlwind of excitement within the digital art and collectibles sphere. Just as Bitcoin emerged as the go-to digital alternative for traditional currency, NFTs now hold the potential to revolutionize the world of collectibles. Consequently, digital artists are experiencing life-altering transformations as their work reaches a new, crypto-savvy audience.

If the realm of NFTs piques your curiosity and you’re eager to learn more, you’ve arrived at the perfect destination. Let’s take a deep dive and explore what’s behind all the buzz!

Table of Contents

What is an NFT?

NFT stands for non-fungible tokens, typically developed utilizing programming akin to that employed for cryptocurrencies. In layman’s terms, these digital assets rely on blockchain technology and cannot be swapped or traded in the same manner as other cryptographic assets.

Contrary to Bitcoin or Ethereum, the NFT designation signifies its non-replaceable and non-interchangeable nature due to its distinct attributes. Both physical currency and cryptocurrencies are considered fungible, allowing them to be traded or exchanged for one another seamlessly.

Essential Characteristics of NFTs:

Digital Asset – An NFT serves as a digital representation of internet-based collectibles, including art, music, and games. It comes with a verifiable certificate of authenticity, made possible by the blockchain technology that underpins cryptocurrencies.

Ownership Rights – NFTs provide clear and indisputable proof of ownership for the digital asset holder, ensuring that the value of their collectible is secured and recognized across the NFT ecosystem. This fosters a sense of confidence and trust among collectors and creators alike.

Unique – NFTs are impervious to forgery or tampering due to their unique nature.

Trade – NFT transactions are conducted using cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin on specialized platforms dedicated to their exchange.

Cryptopunks, widely recognized as one of the most renowned and arguably valuable NFT projects globally, serves as a prime example of an NFT. This platform allows for the acquisition, sale, and storage of 10,000 distinct collectibles, complete with verifiable proof of ownership.

How are NFTs different from other Cryptocurrencies?

While NFTs utilize a programming language similar to that of other cryptocurrencies, their similarities cease there.

Cryptocurrencies are “fungible,” meaning they can be traded or exchanged for one another and hold equivalent value. For instance, one Bitcoin always equals another Bitcoin, just as one Dollar is always equal to another Dollar.

On the other hand, each NFT serves as a unique digital signature that prevents it from being interchangeable or equal to another. For example, The Last Supper is a one-of-a-kind painting that cannot be exchanged with a different piece of art.

How do NFTs work?

As you embark on your journey to comprehend NFTs, it’s crucial to delve into the inner workings of these tokens. Predominantly, NFTs exist on Ethereum’s blockchain (but can exist on any Blockchain)—a decentralized public ledger that documents transactions. NFTs are individual tokens containing valuable information within.

Their value, mainly determined by market forces and demand, allows them to be bought and sold similarly to traditional physical art forms. The unique data embedded in NFTs simplifies the process of verifying and validating ownership, as well as the transfer of tokens among owners. To better acquaint you with the NFT landscape, here are some examples of NFTs that currently exist:

Digital Collectibles
Domain Names
Gaming Assets
Written Works
Fashionable Sneakers

What are NFTs used for?

NFTs often attract those engaged in crypto-trading and art collectors. In addition to these demographics, NFTs have a variety of other uses, including:

Digital Content – NFTs play a significant role in the digital content landscape. They enhance the creator economy by allowing content creators to retain ownership of their work, rather than ceding control to the platforms used for promotion. NFTs have gained significant traction in the digital art world, enabling artists to tokenize their creations and providing collectors with a unique and verifiable method to buy, sell, and own these digital assets.

Gaming Assets – Game developers have demonstrated a strong interest in NFTs, which can provide numerous benefits to players. In a typical online game, players can buy items for their characters, but the investment ends there. With NFTs, players can recover their money by selling items when they no longer need them.
Investments and Collateral – NFTs and DeFi (Decentralized Finance) share a common infrastructure. DeFi applications enable users to borrow funds by providing collateral, and there is ongoing exploration into the possibility of using NFTs as collateral in this context.
Domain Names – NFTs can offer more memorable domain names, functioning similarly to website domain names. They make IP addresses more accessible to remember and more valuable, usually based on factors like length and relevance.

Celebrities like Snoop Dogg, Shawn Mendes, and Jack Dorsey have also joined the NFT movement, releasing distinctive memories and artwork for sale as tokenized NFTs.

Although NFTs have existed since 2015, their popularity has surged recently due to several factors. One prominent reason is the growing normalization and enthusiasm surrounding cryptocurrencies and their underlying blockchain technologies. Additionally, the convergence of fandom, royalty economics, and the principle of scarcity has further fueled interest. Consumers are eager to own unique digital content and potentially view them as a form of investment.

When a non-fungible token is purchased, the buyer acquires ownership of the content, but the asset can still circulate on the internet. Consequently, an NFT can increase in value as it gains more online visibility. When the asset is sold, the original creator receives a 10% cut, the platform takes a small percentage, and the current owner obtains the remaining revenue. This structure creates the potential for continued earnings from popular digital assets as they are traded over time.

Authenticity is at the core of NFTs. Digital collectibles feature distinguishing information that sets them apart from other NFTs, and their authenticity is easily verifiable through the blockchain. The creation and distribution of counterfeit collectibles are rendered ineffective since each item can be traced back to the original creator or issuer. Furthermore, unlike cryptocurrencies, NFTs cannot be directly exchanged with one another (similar to physical baseball cards) because no two are identical.

How to buy NFTs

Now that you have a grasp on NFTs’ applications and their unique advantages over other cryptocurrencies, you might be interested in acquiring some. To do so, you’ll need to gather a few essential tools:

    1. Obtain a digital wallet that supports storing both NFTs and cryptocurrencies.
    2. Purchase the required cryptocurrency based on what your chosen NFT platform accepts, most commonly Ether. Platforms like OpenSea, Coinbase, Kraken, and PayPal facilitate buying cryptocurrencies.
    3. Transfer your purchased cryptocurrency from the exchange to your digital wallet.

Keep in mind that many exchanges charge a nominal fee as a percentage of your crypto transaction.

Once your wallet is set up, you’re ready to purchase NFTs. Some of the most prominent NFT marketplaces currently include:

OpenSea – To begin, simply create an account on OpenSea’s official website, explore NFT collections, and discover new artists. This platform is well-known for its extensive assortment of rare digital items and collectibles.

LooksRare – LooksRare is another NFT marketplace that offers a wide variety of digital art and collectibles for users to explore, purchase, and sell.

Blur – Blur is an emerging platform that connects creators and collectors, enabling them to buy, sell, and trade unique digital assets in the form of NFTs.

Zora – decentralized NFT platform on Ethereum, empowering creators with dynamic bonding curve pricing for fairer, transparent transactions. By eliminating intermediaries, Zora offers users more control, flexibility, and direct interactions with the blockchain, fostering a unique, equitable marketplace for digital assets.

Rarible – Rarible is a democratic marketplace that empowers artists and creators to issue and sell NFTs. It allows holders to participate in decisions regarding fees and community guidelines.

Foundation – Within this platform, artists must receive or send an invitation from other creators to showcase their art. The exclusivity of this community lends itself to higher-quality artwork, assuming the demand for NFTs stays consistent or increases over time.

Custom minting websites – specialized platforms that are specifically designed and built for a particular project or collection. These websites allow creators to provide a unique and tailored user experience while minting their NFTs. Some creators prefer custom minting websites because they allow for greater control over the minting process, branding, and user experience. However, developing a custom minting website requires more resources, technical expertise, and ongoing maintenance compared to utilizing existing platforms like OpenSea or Rarible

The Future of NFTs

NFTs have gained significant media attention and provided unique opportunities for aspiring artists on social media. For instance, Jack Dorsey, CEO and co-founder of Twitter, recently sold his first-ever tweet, “just setting up my twttr,” as an NFT. Additionally, Vignesh Sundaresan, known as “Metakovan,” made headlines for purchasing an NFT art piece by Beeple for $69.3 million.

Due to this rising popularity, individuals are now willing to spend hundreds of thousands of dollars on NFTs.

Many experts in the crypto industry, such as David Gerard, author of Attack of the 50-foot Blockchain, estimate that about 40% of new crypto users will enter the market through NFTs. As its popularity continues to grow, NFTs could become an increasingly significant part of the digital economy. With this comprehensive guide on NFTs, you now understand what they are, how they function, their applications, and how to purchase them.

Mint a Free NFT

As you’ve now grasped the essence of NFTs, we’re thrilled to extend an exclusive invitation: mint your very own NFT, compliments of Cryptathon. Effortlessly embark on this digital adventure by simply clicking on the tweet above, which will transport you to our esteemed minting collaborator, Zora.


  1. What are some examples of non-fungible tokens? NFTs can represent digital or physical assets. Examples include digital artwork, in-game avatars, digital and physical collectibles, tickets, domain names, and more.

  2. How do I purchase NFTs? Typically, NFTs are bought using Ether. Start by owning and storing Ether in a digital wallet, then purchase NFTs on online marketplaces such as OpenSea, SuperRare, and Rarible.

  3. Are NFTs secure? NFTs using blockchain technology, like cryptocurrencies, are generally safe. Their distributed nature makes them nearly impervious to hacking. The primary security risk is the potential loss of access to NFTs if the hosting platform goes under.

  4. What does “non-fungible” mean? Fungibility is an economic term describing the interchangeability of goods or products. A fungible item, like a dollar bill, is interchangeable with another of the same kind. Non-fungible means an item is unique and distinguishable.

  5. What exactly are NFTs? NFTs, or non-fungible tokens, are digital assets based on blockchain technology. They can represent a variety of items, such as art, sports memorabilia, or even tweets.

  6. What is the purpose of NFTs? NFTs are digital files that can represent various assets, such as artwork, real estate, or videos. By turning files into NFTs, blockchain technology secures them, making buying, selling, and trading more efficient and reducing fraud.

  7. How are NFTs related to cryptocurrencies? NFTs and cryptocurrencies both exist on blockchains, which verify ownership and unique identities for digital assets. NFTs are built using technology similar to Bitcoin and Ethereum, with Ethereum being the most widely accepted crypto in the NFT market.

  8. Why do people purchase NFTs? NFTs are seen as a secure investment option, providing basic usage rights and accessibility to everyone. Many buyers invest in NFTs, believing they will hold value in the future.

  9. What are effective ways to profit from NFTs? To maximize returns from NFTs, consider lending, earning royalties, trading NFTs, participating in NFT gaming, or engaging in NFT-powered yield farming.

  10. Should I invest in an NFT? NFTs can be a good investment, as they can be resold for profit. Many NFT marketplaces enable sellers to receive royalties for sold assets. However, thorough research is crucial before investing to determine if it aligns with your needs.

  11. What distinguishes NFTs from cryptocurrencies? While both cryptocurrencies and NFTs use blockchain networks for ownership verification, NFTs cannot be directly exchanged with one another. NFTs are sold but not traded like securities on digital exchanges, whereas cryptocurrencies can be traded like securities.